Civil Cases under Thai Law
Civil actions are lawsuits wherein one party sues another in order to enforce or protect his right or prevent a wrong. In Thailand, civil cases ranges from business and property disputes, to personal domestic controversies, divorces, recovery of debt, employment-related issues or torts where the rights of one party are breached.
Before any party may sue another, it is important to consider several factors in the determination whether or not the party suing has a valid claim. These factors involve, cause of action, court jurisdiction, identification of the relevant parties, among others. Without these requisites, the case may only be dismissed.
In Thailand jurisdiction, the most common civil actions filed before the courts are the following:
This case usually stems from a contractual agreement between parties. When a party to an agreement fails to perform any term of a written or oral contract without a valid cause, the other party may claim for breach of contract. Most common examples of this breach involves non-completion of a job order, non-payment of price agreed in the contract, non-delivery of goods, or any other act demonstrating that the party will not perform as specified in the terms of the contract. Actions are brought before the courts for specific performance or damages.